Home of the NearEasternArchaeology Yahoo! Group and the Online Encyclopedia of Near Eastern Archaeology


Home of the NearEasternArchaeology Yahoo! Group and the Online Encyclopedia of Near Eastern Archaeology


Home of the NearEasternArchaeology Yahoo! Group and the Online Encyclopedia of Near Eastern Archaeology


Home of the NearEasternArchaeology Yahoo! Group and the Online Encyclopedia of Near Eastern Archaeology


Home of the NearEasternArchaeology Yahoo! Group and the Online Encyclopedia of Near Eastern Archaeology


Our Mission

NEAR EASTERN ARCHAEOLOGY was created to fill a need of scholars, students, and professional archaeologists for a clearing house for information pertaining to the archaeology of the ancient Near East from North Africa in the west to Iran in the East. provides a number of services. Users can have created for them a personal webpage with a brief biography, contact information (if desired) and recommended links and reading material. Ideally, this will make it possible for those interested in the ancient Near East (particularly beginners) to better know who else shares their interests. Other websites may also submit their URLs for linking to this site in the hopes of creating an easily navigable web of sites dealing with the ancient Near East.

Most importantly, however, is ‘s Yahoo! Group Page where users can post and read about useful links, upcoming events, and current news relating to the archaeology of the region. They may also join in discussions there of the archaeology of the region.


(AS OF 7 MARCH 2005)

1) Ad hominem attacks will not be tolerated. Any postings containing personal attacks will be rejected by the moderator. Please think carefully about what you post before you hit the send button. What may not be meant as offensive may be taken to be that way by a more sensitive reader.

2) The use of racist, ageist, sexist, and vulgar language is prohibited.

3) Religious and political agendas have no place in this group. While ancient religion and politics are clearly acceptable topics and one can argue that current political and religious issues affect the archaeology, this is not the venue for such discussion.

4) Before posting a message please make sure that it is relevant to the group's interests. Irrelevant post will be rejected.

5) No advertising of products or services will be allowed on the Yahoo! Group unless they are for pro bono services/products. If you wish to advertise a service or product to our community, please contact the moderator about advertising on We cooperate with a couple of other websites like but the communication for this is made through our email form.

6) The primary language for discussion on this group is English. While most scholars likely speak one or more other languages, not all members do. Please try to post your messages in clear, correct English whenever possible. If you must use a different language please try and use one for which free online translation is available. ( [Dutch, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish])

7) All postings must be signed and should include the author's name, degrees held, and current institutional affiliation and titles.

8) The sale and collection of antiquities is considered by many archaeologists to be unacceptable. This venue is not an appropriate forum for an unbiased discussion of the issues. If you wish to discuss the subject please do so offline and privately or subscribe to Unidroit-L.

9) The moderator reserves the right to deny membership to any applicant on the basis of insufficient academic credentials (the lack of a completed degree in a relevant field of study from an accredited university). Students enrolled in relevant programmes who have not yet completed a degree may also be granted membership at the discretion of the moderator as may individuals who despite a lack of formal credentials have sufficient informal training or experience in the archaeology of the ancient Near East to be deemed lay-experts.

10) Should one wish to post an online article link, one should only post a small snippet of the content (headline and opening paragraph) followed by the link to the actual site. Please do not post entire articles since: a) it may infringe on an author's copyright; b)it takes up unnecessary bandwidth and file storage space; and c) often much, if not all, of the formatting is lost making the article difficult to read.

9) All messages are reviewed by the moderator before posting. The moderator reserves the right not to post any message if he feels that it is in breach of any of the above rules.

11) No posting of messages written by an author other than the poster will be allowed. If you see something that you feel might be appropriate for posting here on another group or list, contact the author and ask them to join this group and post the message here themselves or have them contact me directly and I will post it on their behalf.

13) The posting of private email correspondences is unacceptable unless both parties involved agree to its posting.

14) The moderator reserves the right to temporarily or permanently ban any member from the use of this group due to breaches of the rules. Any such member will be warned in advance of their potential removal from the membership by the moderator.


Early Dynastic II

From OnlineEncyclopedia

The Early Dynastic II consists primarily of mythological kings of Sumer, followed by actual kings of ca. the 26th and 25th centuries BCE. Many rulers known from contemporary inscriptions are not found in the Sumerian King List. Conspicuously absent from this list are the priest-rulers of Lagash, who are known directly from inscriptions from ca. the 25th century BC

"After the flood had swept over, and the kingship had descended from heaven, the kingship was in Kish."


From OnlineEncyclopedia

Father of Enna-Il, Early Dynastic II period king of Kish.

Online Encyclopedia


Members will be able to create and edit articles on subjects in Near Eastern archaeology. Eventually it is hoped through collaborative effort that this will create a comprehensive encyclopedia of articles on subjects of interest to our membership.

The Online Encyclopedia will always be a work in progress and in order to function it must have contributions from our members and users. Please contribute whatever and whenever you can. In the end, ideally every topic will have a substantial and comprehensive article associated with it but in the meantime even an insubstatntial stub is a beginning. Writing a stub can take as little as 30 seconds. The time involved is minimal. So please, add whatever you can, whenever you can and make this project work


Welcome to's[1] ( Online Encyclopedia of Near Eastern Archaeology. This encyclopedia will grow as people add new entries and edit extant ones. Anyone who wants to should feel free to add to this encylopedia's content and to make requests for new entries. The entire idea of a Mediawiki-based encyclopedia is that the members who use it will act as a sort of refereeing system that will maintain the quality of articles.

Articles should reflect topics of relevance to the mission of this encyclopedia. The ancient Near East is broadly defined here as including the areas of the following modern regions: the Mediterranean coastal regions of Africa; Egypt; Sudan; Israel; Jordan; the Palestinian Authority; Syria; Lebanon; Turkey; Iraq; Iran; the Arabian Peninsula; Pakistan; Afghanistan; and India . Articles may reflect subjects spanning the first appearance of early hominids in the ancient Near East to the end of the Ottoman Empire. Articles deeemed irrelevant by the WikiSysops will be removed. Please attempt to avoid any modern political issues and keep articles as scholarly in outlook as possible.

Please note that all contributions to the Online Encyclopedia are considered to be released under the GNU Free Documentation License (see OnlineEncyclopedia:Copyrights for details)[2] ( If you don't want your writing to be edited mercilessly and redistributed at will, then don't submit it here. You are also promising us that you wrote this yourself, or copied it from a public domain or similar free resource. DO NOT SUBMIT COPYRIGHTED WORK WITHOUT PERMISSION!

Create New Article

From OnlineEncyclopedia

There are several ways to create a new article.

[Using an already extant link.]As you're reading through articles, you will see clickable links to pages that haven't been written yet. Links to unwritten pages appear in red. Click on the link, and you'll arrive at a page that says:

You've followed a link to a page that doesn't exist yet. To create the page, start typing in the box below:

Just start typing your article in the edit-box. When you're finished, click the "show preview" button to check what the page will look like first and to check that you haven't made any errors. Then click the "Save" button at the bottom of the page.

Frode Fjerdingstad, Photographer, was born in Oslo in 1975. He studied photography at the London College of Printing. Frode has exhibited his work at the Notting Hill Arts Club, ICA London and at several other occations in London and Oslo. He was a finalist at the Diesel New Art exhibition in Oslo 2005. He has also conrtibuted to STÆRK, a DVD which was part of Creative Review, May issue 2005. The DVD was a production of the Norwegian Embassy in London to promote Norwegian Artists in the U.K. He has published work in magazines such as: The Guardian Weekend, Dazed & Confused, Amjus, Super Magazine, Nuke Magazine.


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